Mumbai: Student enrolment has grown by 11.4% from 2015-16 to 2019-20 and there has been an 18.2% increase in female enrolment in higher education during the same period, a survey revealed.
According to All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2019-20 report, which was released on Thursday, Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education is 27.1% in 2019-20.
Total Enrolment in higher education stands at 3.85 crore in 2019-20 as compared to 3.74 crore in 2018-19, registering a growth of 11.36 lakh (3.04 %). Total enrollment was 3.42 crore in 2014-15. Uttar Pradesh comes at number one with the highest student enrolment followed by Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu.
Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER), the percentage of students belonging to the eligible age group enrolled in higher education, in 2019-20 is 27.1% against 26.3% in 2018-19 and 24.3% in 2014-2015.
There are 1043 universities, 42,343 colleges and 11,779 standalone institutions listed on AISHE web portal of which 1019 universities, 39,955 colleges and 9599 standalone institutions have responded during the survey.
Gender Parity Index (GPI) in higher education in 2019-20 is 1.01 against 1.00 in 2018-19 indicating an improvement in the relative access to higher education for females of eligible age group compared to males. Pupil Teacher Ratio in Higher Education in 2019-20 is 26.
A total of 3.38 crore Students enrolled in programmes at under-graduate and postgraduate level. Out of these, nearly 85% of the students (2.85 crore) were enrolled in the six major disciplines such as Humanities, Science, Commerce, Engineering & Technology, Medical Science and IT & Computer.
Further, the number of students pursuing PhD in 2019-20 is 2.03 lakh against 1.17 lakh in 2014-15. In all 38,986 students were awarded Ph Dlevel degree during 2019 with 21,577 male and 17,409 female. The share of female students is lowest in Institutions of National Importance followed by Deemed University-government, state private university.
The Total Number of Teachers stands at 15,03,156 comprising 57.5% male and 42.5% female.
HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal in a tweet said, ‘’ As you can see, we have improved in GER. The number of Institutions of National importance increased 80% (from 75 in 2015 to 135 in 2020). It is heartening to note that the number of PhDs has also increased by 60% in the last five years.’’
On the other hand, higher education secretary Amit Khare said the continuous rise in the enrolment, number of institutions, gender parity is major move towards improving access, equity and quality in light of National Education Policy 2020.